Pigmentation means colouring. Skin pigmentation disorders affect the colour of your skin. Skin cells give your skin colour by making a substance called melanin. When these cells become damaged or unhealthy, it affects melanin production. Some pigmentation disorders affect just patches of skin. Others affect your entire body.
Treatments For Pigmentation
There are serums and pigment inhibitors available to aid and assist the lightening and brightening of pigmentation already formed and also help at a deeper cellular level to build and maintain a barrier to reduce up and coming pigmentation that has not reach the epidermal level yet. These include ingredient such as Vitamin A, Vitamin A based Retinoid’s, Vitamin C, Niacinamide, Arbutin, Tyrostat and others. For quite severe pigmentation, if other products have been tried and not worked there is also Hydroquinone, which is a prescription only medication. Daily applications of sun block with a broad-spectrum from UVA and UVB rays is essential in preventing further sun damage and further pigmentation. This is especially important during the months of summer but even through out autumn and winter.
Microdermabrasion can also be helpful by removing the top layer of dead damaged skin and encouraging cell turn over which in turn promotes collagen and elastin’s that then promotes new more evenly toned skin growth.
Peels are can be hugely beneficial at helping to deal with pigmentation. Peels use salicylic and glycolic acid to remove the top layer of dead damaged skin and encouraging cell turn over which promotes collagen and elastin’s that then promotes, newer more evenly toned skin. Peels work at a deeper more penetrating level then microdermabrasion and therefor usually are more results driven.
Photo-rejuvenation using IPL is a non-invasive treatment that treats skin damage without disruption of the skin’s surface, hence no “down time”. Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) can simultaneously treat a wide range of facial concerns safely and effectively, such as benign brown pigment, age spots (sun-induced freckles), mottled pigmentation, rosacea, redness and broken capillaries.
If your body makes too much melanin, your skin gets darker. Pregnancy, Addison’s disease and sun exposure all can make your skin darker. If your body makes too little melanin, your skin gets lighter. Hypopigmentation is a condition that causes patches of light skin. Albinism is a genetic condition affecting all of a person’s skin. Infections, blisters and burns can cause lighter skin.
Dark Pigmentation on light coloured skin The main cause of dark or light pigment spots on light skinned individuals is sun damage. Years of sun exposure or even just one severe sunburn can result in spotted hyperpigmentation, resulting in a mottled skin completion. It can also be hereditary or bought on by hormonal changes, eg: pregnancy (melasma) or by taking certain oral contraception.
Dark Pigmentation on dark coloured skin The main causes of dark or light pigment spot on darker skinned individuals are melasma and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Melasma (also occurs on light skin) is commonly called “the mask of pregnancy” can effect the deeper skin layers (the dermis) and can be difficult to treat and can require a multifaceted treatment regiment, in some cases it lessens in time after the birth. Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) is a condition in which an injury or inflammation to the skin causes increased pigment production, and like melasma, can be difficult to treat when it involves a deeper skin layer. The most common cause of PIH is acne but it also can result from psoriasis, a burn, or and injury.
White Pigmentation on dark coloured skin White pigmentation on dark skin is called hypopigmentation, not to be confused with Vitiligo, which is an autoimmune disorder in which the pigment-producing cells are damaged. Hypopigmentation can also appear on light skin but is not so obvious. It is usually caused by pigmentation loss as a result of skin damage. If you’ve had a skin infection, blisters, burns, or other trauma to your skin, you may have a loss of pigmentation in the affected area. The good news with this type of pigment loss is that it’s frequently not permanent, but it may take a long time to re-pigment. In some cases it will not return.
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