Commonly found on the nose and cheek areas, these small red or pink ‘threads’ are part of the extensive vein network that carries the blood supply of the face. When the walls of these tiny veins narrow and widen too quickly, they may tear, allowing blood to seep out and visibly mark the area of damage. Individuals with dehydrated, dry and sensitive skin often have thinner tissue, which allows more trauma to the veins. While heredity usually plays a large part (fair, thin–skinned people are most prone), broken capillaries are also bought on by:
Facial Redness (Erythema)
When redness is temporary and disappears spontaneously after a few minutes, it is called a “flush” or “blushing”. This usually affects the face (especially the nose and cheeks), neck and décolleté area and may be accompanied by a feeling of warmth, tingling and/or an increased heart rate.
These manifestations are related to hypersensitivity of the cutaneous vessels which dilate excessively as a result of various stimuli like heat, cold, variations in temperature, strong emotions, alcohol, spicy foods, intense physical activity, etc. The main measure to take to avoid them is to minimise contact with triggers as much as you possibly can.
Over time increasingly frequent flushes may lead to loss of elasticity of the blood vessels they can no longer retract and remain permanently dilated. The redness thus becomes persistent and can take on one of two forms:
Experts are still unsure what causes Rosacea and there’s no specific test for diagnoses. Instead, doctors rely on the history of your symptoms, a physical examination of your skin and eliminating other conditions, such as acne, for which rosacea can be mistaken. A visit to a Dermatologist is highly recommended.
Rosacea typically begins as redness on the central face across the cheeks, nose, or forehead, but can also less commonly affect the neck, chest, ears, and scalp. In some cases, additional symptoms, such as semi-permanent redness, telangiectasia (dilation of superficial blood vessels on the face), red domed papules (small bumps), pustules, red gritty eyes, burning and stinging sensations. In some advanced cases, a red lobulated nose may develop.
Symptoms of Rosacea are:
Rosacea usually appears in phases: